Breast cancer is one of the widely covered cancers in media around the world. In fact most of us discovered about it through advertisements and awareness programs, run by international health organizations, NGOs, and governing bodies, on different communication platforms. But, does everyone know about breast cancer and its risk factors, let aside the available treatments and tests? The solution is “no.” These awareness programs have been going on for many years on national and international levels now, but nevertheless you will find thousands of people around the globe who’re clueless about the illness, doubtful over the right measures, surrounded by myths. Many, including the people who know a little about the illness, still shake their heads in disbelief when told that men may also develop breast cancer. This is perhaps why it is essential all of us are well- informed on the illness and its treatment, causes, risk factors and cure.
What’s Breast Cancer?
Simply, cancer can be defined as a condition when cells within the body multiply abnormally and don’t behave like normal cells. Each cell in our body has best hospital for breast cancer in Hyderabad a certain life, and when body cells don’t complete their life-cycles and don’t die in due course, they might multiply infinitesimally and causes the surrounding cells to reflect the same, ultimately causing the formation of an abnormal growth of mass, cancer (or tumor), that might affect just how surrounding organs function and cause life-threatening complications.
To learn about breast cancer, we should have a concept of the overall anatomy of breasts. Breasts have milk-producing glands included; these glands are attached to skin at nipples through narrow ducts. The tissues around the ducts and glands are normally composed of fat. The remaining portion of the breasts contains blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatic channels. Lymphatic channels are connect lymph nodes, which can be found all across the human body and, at an advance stage of cancer, serve as carriers of malignant cells and cause the cancer to spread to another elements of body.
When malignant (cancerous, tumor) cells are within one of the breasts or both, the condition is known as breast cancer. Based on the spread of the cancerous cells, a cancer specialist decides upon the stage of the cancer. Typically, breast cancer can have 5 stages, namely, Stage 0, Stage 1, Stage 2 (2A, 2B), Stage 3 (3A, 3 B, 3C), and Stage 4. Early stage or 0 stage of cancer is when the disease has not invaded surrounding breast tissues yet and located within the breast. At stage 1, cancer is less than 2 centimeters in dimensions and partially spread to lymph nodes in the underarms. Stage 2A is when tumor is less than 2 cm, with 2mm penetration in lymph nodes in the underarm or when it’s greater than 2cm in dimensions (and less than 5cm) without the penetration in lymph nodes. Stage 2B is when tumor in breast in greater than 5cm or when it greater than 2cm (and less than 5cm), but with penetration in lymph nodes. Stage 3 and above are referred to as advanced stages of breast cancer and on all cases tumors are always greater than 5cm and spread across other parts of body as well.
In its last stage, which is stage 4, cancer has already spread through another organs of the human body, such as, bones, lungs, lever, and brain. Breast cancer spreads across another organs of the human body through lymph nodes, which may also be within various organs within the body and are interconnected through the lymphatic system.
What Causes Breast Cancer?
So, what is it that produces breast cancer? What are the chance factors? The solution is you will find no definite factors behind breast cancer therefore; the chance factors include advancing age and family history of the cancer. Obesity can also be one of the risk factors along with regular alcohol use and late marriage. Anyone whose family members have been identified as having breast cancer previously is 2-3 times more likely to develop it. The majority of women develop breast cancer after 50 or menopause.
What Reduces Risk?
Researchers have found that regular physical activity and exercise can reduce the chance of breast cancer by half. Exercise may also help overcome the aftermaths of the illness and improves quality of life of people with breast cancer. Poor diet and alcohol consumption may also be common risk factors because they are directly associated with obesity. The simplest way to prevent it is to have the breasts examined regularly with a specialist, especially after 30, and get them checked every time a lump is within one of the breasts.
Annual or biannual mammogram tests can detect cancer in breasts early, when it can be cured easily or removed even before it starts to cultivate within the breasts. It is, therefore, advised all women obtain breasts examined by their doctors regularly, especially ladies in their thirties and older. Rarely, there is possible cancer runs in the family in which case genetic testing must check whether a family member will develop the cancer or not in her lifetime. That said, it is essential to understand that not totally all lumps in breasts are tumors or cause harm, but it is equally important to have them examined with a specialist. In most cases lumps are not cancerous, but it is difficult to tell what’s tumor and what’s not without professional supervision. When one is tested positive, several other tests follow to ascertain the possibility of cancer. It’s possible to be asked to have a biopsy test, during which tissues from breasts are examined to tell the possibility of cancer. There are many alternatives for treatment available even though one is located positive. Specialists decide upon the very best option based on their investigations and the spread of cancer in the body.
People mustn’t fear going with their doctor and getting themselves examined for driving a car of being tested positive for breast cancer. Tests and examinations don’t guarantee the presence of cancer; on the contrary, these often cancel the possibility of cancer. The majority of the times people are tested negative. So, one should not fear tests, mammograms, or biopsy tests, get oneself checked and live freely.